Exercise Program

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ACES - Setting up an exercise program

This section describes the process of setting up a program of exercises to be saved in a user file. One should be familiar with the concepts presented in the section titled ´┐ŻTypes And Modes Of Exercise´┐Ż before reading this chapter. If not, it is recommended to take the time and study that material. It is also helpful to have used the Ariel CES in the manual mode.

As previously discussed, the normal mode of training on the ARIEL CES involves performing an established sequence of exercise from a user file. This file may have been set up for a particular individual, or it may have been designed for use by a number of persons sharing a similar training goal (e.g. building upper body strength). In either case, the sequence of exercises must have been selected in advance - a process performed in the PROGRAM mode of the ARIEL CES. PROGRAM mode is so named because you are establishing an exercise program to be performed at a later time.


This section will describe the procedure for creating an individual exercise program. This procedure is called the Program Mode. Please note that the Program Mode is not a mode of exercise, but rather an ´┐Żadministrative´┐Ż mode in which a file, containing a sequence of exercises, is created, to be subsequently performed in Exercise Mode. It is important to make this distinction because normally a user will exercise, by performing an exercise sequence created by a trainer, coach, clinician, or therapist in Program Mode.

To begin programming an exercise session, select the CES_System icon from the Windows desktop. This will open the CES Log On menu. Select the Program button to enter the Program mode. Next, select the FILE, NEW command to create a ´┐ŻNew´┐Ż user file. Existing user file programs can be reviewed and/or modified by selecting the FILE, OLD command. Specify the path (drive, directory) and filename for the new user file. The *.USR extension will automatically be added to designate this as an Ariel CES User File. Creating files to a floppy disk will allow the capability of using the same exercise program on multiple exercise stations. After entering the filename, select the OPEN button to proceed to the program menus.

The Program Information display contains information that applies to the exercise program as a whole rather than to individual exercises. Enter the information requested, item by item, using the keyboard and mouse. Items which are initially blank, or which have a numeric value are entered by typing the desired value and pressing the TAB key. To correct a previous item, ´┐Żcycle´┐Ż through the display by repeatedly pressing the TAB key until the cursor reaches that item. Other items, such as diagnostics or self pacing are toggled on and off using the mouse.

The first two items on the program information display are the LAST and FIRST NAME of the individual that will use this exercise program. If this is a ´┐Żgroup´┐Ż file, the name could describe the exercise program (e.g. UPPER BODY BUILDER) or the name of the group (e.g. BEGINNERS CLASS #2). The next four entries (SEX, HEIGHT, WEIGHT, AGE) apply to the individuals. They may be skipped for a group, or the group average might be used. If possible, WEIGHT should always be specified, even if it is only an estimated or average weight.

The next item lists the Diagnostic Options and is used to select how often exercise diagnostics are to be performed. NEVER is selected to skip all diagnostics. FIRST ONLY indicates that diagnostics are to be performed just once - the first time that the user exercises with this file. RANGE is selected to perform a range of motion diagnostic. MAX SPEED is selected to perform a speed diagnostic. MAX FORCE/TORQUE is selected to perform a force/torque diagnostic. DIAGNOSTIC FREQUENCY indicates that exercise diagnostics are to be performed after that many normal exercise sessions. For example, a value of 5 would mean that after five normal exercise sessions, the next session would be exercise diagnostics. If is usually sufficient to perform exercise diagnostics the first time only.

The next section lists the Exercise Options for the session. SELF PACING means that the user must signal with the bar or keyboard to advance to the next exercise. This is the recommended pacing mode, as it allows the user as much time as desired to rest and view the results of the current exercise. If Self Pacing is not activated, the system will use auto pacing. This mans that the Ariel exerciser will advance to the next exercise automatically after the time (in seconds) specified in the SET DELAY field. This mode is desirable when a number of individuals must perform their exercise sequences in a fixed time period, such as with group circuit training. The START DELAY refers to the amount of time the Ariel exerciser will wait for the user to assume the starting position of the exercise. For an inexperienced user, 6 to 8 seconds should be sufficient. As the user becomes more familiar with the Ariel exerciser, this time period may be reduced to 3 or 4 seconds to avoid unnecessary waiting. Activating the DATABASE option will automatically export the exercise session results to and ASCII (text) file for further analysis.

Upon completion of the personal information display, select the EXERCISE tab to display the Exercise Selection menu. Select the STATION as either the Multifunction or Arm-Leg exerciser by clicking the appropriate choice. Select the EXERCISE type by clicking the black arrow and selecting the desired type. The MODE filed is used to select the mode of this exercise. The modes defined on the Ariel exerciser are VELOCITY, RESISTANCE, WORK and FATIGUE. The mode is changed by highlighting and clicking the desired mode using the mouse. Refer to previous sections for a description of the various exercise modes.

The next section is used to specify the Exercise Values. The first four items define the control curve. The control curve is a series of values representing the levels of force or velocity at which the user will exercise throughout the range of motion. Since force or velocity values may vary from the start to the end of a stroke, these values are used to specify the beginning (LOW) and end (HIGH) range of the upstroke, and the beginning (HIGH) and end (LOW) of the down stroke. The Ariel software will automatically compute the intermediate values. The next two items specifies the familiar #REPS and #SETS. Enter the number of repetitions per set and the total number of sets to be performed for this exercise. If more than one set is specified, the time between sets, can be specified in the Personal display menu.

For work training exercises, the #REPS item is replaced by QTY WORK. The quantity entered for the item is the total work to be performed in a single set. The subject determines the actual number of repetitions at the time of exercise by the rate at which they perform that quantity of work. For fatigue training exercises, the #REPS item is replaced by %FATIGUE. The quantity entered for this item is the percent of fatigue that must be reached to end the set. Percent fatigue is defined as the ration of the average upstroke force for the current repetition to the average upstroke force for the strongest repetition, expressed as a percent. If it is desired that the subject exercise for a specific period of time rather than for a given number of repetitions, activate the TIME option in the Options section.

The Options section is used to specify exercise session options. START LOW specifies the position of the bar at the start of the exercise. There are actually two values associated with this item. When this option is selected, the exercise will start with the bar in the LOW position. If this item is not selected, the exercise will start with the bar in the HIGH position. FIXED START means that the starting position is measured only when exercise diagnostics are performed, and thus remains fixed from session to session. If this item is not selected, the starting position can FLOAT. This means that the starting position is measured every time the exercise is performed, thus the position can change from session to session. The POWER option is selected to report the exercise session results in the units of Power. Power is defined as the force times the velocity. TIME is selected to perform a timed exercise. When this option is selected, the #REPS fields will be replaced by TIME. Enter the number of seconds desired for the exercise session.

Every exercise on the Ariel system can be performed in a BILATERAL mode (both arms or both legs) or in a UNILATERAL mode (a single arm or leg). Normal strength training is almost always performed in a bilateral mode, however, rehabilitation exercises are frequently performed separately for each limb, especially when it is desired to compare a healthy limb with an injured limb. The default mode is bilateral. The LIMBS option is used to set the body side being tested. RIGHT or LEFT can be set using the mouse.

Several buttons are available at the bottom of the Exercise Display menu. The PREVIOUS button is used to ´┐Żbackup´┐Ż to the previous exercise. This button is not available for the first exercise in a session since there are no previous exercises. The NEXT button is selected to proceed to the next exercise in the program. This is used when editing existing user file programs. The current exercise is displayed at the top of the Exercise Display menu. The NEW button is used to advance and create a ´┐Żnew´┐Ż exercise in the user file program. When this button is selected, the exercise number at the top of the menu will increment to display the current and total number of exercises programmed in this user file. The ABORT button is selected to exit the Exercise Display menu without saving any changes. DONE is selected to complete the exercise program and save results to the user file.

Select the STICK tab to access the optional ´┐Żstick points´┐Ż feature of the Ariel exerciser. Sticking points are points in the range of motion at which the bar will abruptly lock for a specified time during a stroke. This brief change from isotonic to isometric training is designed to build strength at a certain point in a subject´┐Żs range of movement.

Up to ten Sticking Points are allowed for each exercise session. By default, the Stick # field will default to 1. Set the stick point duration (in seconds) using the up/down arrow keys in the Duration field. Next use the mouse to ´┐Żclick´┐Ż on the result curve where the first stick point should be placed. An arrow key labeled with the stick point number and duration will be displayed on the result curve. Additional stick points are entered by incrementing the Stick# and repeating the procedure above. The illustration shows a one second stick point at one-quarter and three-quarters through the range of ´┐Żup´┐Ż motion. An additional half-second stick point has been applied midway through the range of motion in the ´┐Żdown´┐Ż direction. Individual stick points can be removed by selecting the Stick# and then pressing the REMOVE button. All stick points can be removed in a single process by pressing the REMOVE ALL button. When the sticking points have been set, select the Exercise tab to return to the Exercise Display menu.

See also

ACES FAQACES - Frequently asked questions
Exercise ProgramACES - Setting up an exercise program
Exercise ResultsACES - Exercise results
InstallationACES - Installation and calibration
IntroductionACES - Introduction
Sample SessionACES - A sample exercise session
SoftwareACES - How to run the software
TechnicalACES - Technical description: limits and resolution of measurement

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